This lesson presents a very practical way to look at interrogatives as a group without inviting the problems of classifying them as pronouns or adverbs. As you may have noticed, the interrogative pronouns are all spelled with accent marks that do not affect the pronunciation. Here we discuss how to ask "who," "which," "what," and "when." Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368. ), ¿Con quién vas al teatro? interrogative definition: 1. a word or sentence used when asking a question: 2. the form of a sentence that is used for…. Start studying Spanish Interrogative Words (Question Words). Since a pronoun is a word that substitutes a noun and an interrogative word is a word we use when asking a question, an interrogative pronoun is, quite simply, a pronoun used in order to form questions. When? See more. Have the groups be the same, but switch the parts. - ¿Cuales? Online Quizzes for CliffsNotes Spanish I QuickReview, 2nd Edition Quiz: Interrogative Pronouns (Question Words) Previous Interrogative Pronouns Question Words Spanish audio component to improve pronunciation and interactive quiz to practice grammar Questions are a great part of languages. (In packet) (5-10 minutes)-One practice round, then the final competition. / Which ones? To whom? Here are the most common question words in Spanish: Qué. Exercise III: You provide the interrogative word. (Does Rosario drink coffee? ¿A quiénes conociste? Question words can obviously be used in conjunction with other vocabulary, such as the examples provided in the list with prepositions. ). (questioning) interrogativo/a adj adjetivo: Describe el sustantivo.Puede ser posesivo, numeral, demostrativo ("casa [b]grande[/b]", "mujer [b]alta[/b]"). Now that you understand Spanish interrogatives, start trying to ask some simple questions to use what you have learned. Which in Spanish: ¿Cuál/ Cuáles? Where? Spanish Interrogative words are extremely necessary when learning the language. Spanish Grammar - Interrogative words - part one. Erichsen, Gerald. Where…from? ), ¿Cómo aprendiste inglés? man, dog, house). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For questions beginning with “which one”, use “Cuál” and answer with “El/La + adjective”, e.g. (In what office do you work? In Spanish, the general form is for the noun to follow the verb. ¿Cuál? Who? Let's start answering it by looking at the different types of questions. = Which? (more than one person) - ¿Quiénes? What? There are three Spanish interrogative pronouns that can be translated to the English word what: qué, cuál, and cómo. "Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish." Where is the library? (Who is it?) In English, they are often known as Wh- questions, since they are often headed by question words such as "why" or "what". (How old are you? Erichsen, Gerald. / ¿A quienes? (When is your birthday? ), ¿Cuál es tu libro favorito? A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Learn List of Spanish interrogatives. (How did you learn English? It's really just a matter of learning the vocabulary. As you may already have guessed, this means we no longer need a noun in the question. And remember- questions in Spanish begin with the upside down question mark. 3. - ¿Qué? Take advantage of our easy to use chart to learn 25 Spanish vocabulary words. (Who is your teacher? qué — what (The phrases por qué and para qué are usually translated as "why." Accordingly, they are also the easiest questions to form. Principal Translations: Inglés: Español: interrogative adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." ), ¿Quién es tu profesor? Start studying Spanish Interrogative Words (Question Words). When for example somebody asks you for your name you have to use cuál because in Spanish, there’s an imaginary “list” of potential names you could have. (in packet) (10-15 minutes)-Have the students do the conversation again in Spanish. ), Quién changes to Quiénes when it is plural, Cuánto has a feminine form, Cuánta, and both the masculine and the feminine forms add an "s" at the end to mark the plural (Cuántos and Cuántas), ¿En qué oficina trabajas? Select the correct interrogative word. Interactive spelling game tests your knowledge of Spanish using words from the category INTERROGATIVE 1. En español, las oraciones interrogativas se pueden formar mediante entonación. This adjective is used when there is a real or imaginary list of things to choose from or when those options are available when speaking. The pronoun is the only word needed. How to ask questions and write sentences in Spanish. The ending question mark acts as a full stop. (Who is your friend?) (Literally: To … (With whom do you go to the theater? Learn more in the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary. They don't have such a catchy name in Spanish, but they are also headed by a question word. This means that the pitch of your voice rises as you finish the question. (What do you want to study? Interrogative pronouns are those pronouns that are used almost exclusively in questions. So, here's a good question: How do interrogatives work in Spanish? (Does Juan speak English? (Where does Juan live? ¿Cuándo? Literally, how many years do you have? They can make you think, they can spark a conversation, and they can even help you let someone know you care. In Spanish, asking a question that can be answered sí or no is extremely easy. All these questions follow the traditional subject-verb-object order of Spanish (which happens to be the same order used in most English phrases). To say ‘which’ in Spanish, for example when you have to … ¿Cuál te gusta más? It's that easy! (Which is your favorite book? Exercise IV: Work on the difference between qué, cuál, and cuáles. Which ones? Following are the interrogative pronouns in Spanish with their translations and examples of their usage. Open questions are the ones that will get you detailed answers. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368. Spanish question word + conjugated verb + Subject (optional) + content of our question Regarding the answers, try to use the main verb in the question in your reply. Learn the Difference Between 'Por Qué' and 'Para Qué' in Spanish, Translating "Here" and "There" While Speaking Spanish, How To Use Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish. - ¿Cuál? ), ¿Por qué estudias español? Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish. The question word or phrase is always followed by the verb. ¿Qué? Also, some of the pronouns exist in singular and plural forms and (in the case of cuánto) masculine and feminine forms that should match the noun they stand for. Basically, you use “qué” when you have no idea what something is, but “cuál” when there’s … ), ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? How Does Spanish Use Upside-Down Question and Exclamation Marks? Who? — ¿Qué? or what?) Exercise V: Listen to the question and select the correct answer These are the questions that will get you the simpler answers (yes, no, or I don't know). In English, an interrogative pronoun is one of the words who , which , whose , whom , and what when they are used without a noun to ask questions. (meaning which? What. - ¿Dónde? "Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish." To ask a yes or no question in Spanish, you simply put question marks around a normal sentence. doesn’t change for the feminine and plural forms. ¿Adónde va Raúl? Our next interrogative is the word “what.” This one’s so commonly used … They can be used in direct and indirect questions. - ¿De dónde? Note also that many of the interrogative pronouns can be used as other parts of speech, including adjectives and adverbs, either with or without the accent marks, depending on the context. Note that like all other Spanish question words, qué and cuánto have accents on them. Many of the interrogative pronouns also can be used in indirect questions (as opposed to questions) while retaining the accent mark. The following questions are all correct and ask the same thing: In spoken Spanish, you can differentiate yes or no question from regular sentences by their rising intonation. Scored. In spoken Spanish, you simply raise the pitch of your voice at the end of the question. interrogative - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. ), Rosario toma café (Rosario drinks coffee) → ¿Rosario toma café? Where is Raul going? ), ¿Qué quieres estudiar? Here are some more examples where you can see this in action: By now, you have probably noticed that opening question mark. In written Spanish, all you have to do is frame what you want to ask with question marks (¿?). ¿qué? Which? Interrogative definition, of, relating to, or conveying a question. The Interrogative pronouns (pronombres interrogativos), or question words, in Spanish grammar are qué, quién and cuál. Unfortunately, they are not just interchangeable, but there are some simple rules to … Note that in some cases the pronouns can vary in translation when they follow a preposition. To start with, some Spanish question words can vary according to the number and gender of the person or thing they are referring to: When a preposition is needed, it is always added before the pronoun: These combinations of preposition + question word are called question phrases. - ¿A quién? Do the partner conversation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. That said, it is possible to alter that order. Why? Spanish question words. All Free. As in English, questions can be formed in Spanish without the interrogatives, although Spanish is more flexible in its word order. List of Spanish question words or interrogative words What? ), La casa es grande (The house is big) → ¿La casa es grande? In English, they are often known as Wh- questions, since they are often headed by question words such as "why" or "what". interrogative translate: interrogativo, interrogatorio/oria [masculine-feminine, singular], interrogativo/iva…. https://www.thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368 (accessed January 25, 2021). ¿Cuál? Use of interrogative words, and inverted question mark. ), ¿Cuántos años tienes? ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? - ¿Por qué? Given a word in English and scrambled letters, you must rearrange the letters to correctly spell the Spanish translation. / ¿Cuáles? Some question words can also form question phrases with nouns: Unlike yes or no questions, open questions do sometimes require an inversion in their word order. ), ¿Cuántos hermanos tiene Juan? - ¿Cuándo? ), ¿Dónde vive Juan? Interrogative pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish What is an interrogative pronoun? Complete the sentence by selecting the correct word from the dropdown. There are a few differences between English and Spanish question words. As you continue studying, you'll pick up more of these combinations naturally - so just concern yourself with USING one question word at a time. When the subject is not represented by the question word, it is added right after the verb. Check out the 3 day lesson plan and activity packet to go with this song at: http://www.senorashby.com/thewordque.html When you're reading, that question mark tells you right away that what follows is a question, and you can adjust your intonation accordingly. The noun can either appear immediately after the verb or appear later in the sentence. ¿Quién es? These worksheets, posters, conversation cards and fun mingle activity provide students ample opportunities to … Learn about interrogative 1 in Spanish while playing the Spanish Sentence Quiz. This means that sometimes it can appear in the middle of a sentence: Although it might seem like an unnecessary nuance, it does have an advantage. All of these words have an accent. (Is the house big? Por qué is more common than para qué. (You speak English, right? Asking questions in Spanish is quite similar to asking questions in English. The answer to that question, fortunately, is not too complicated. In both Spanish and English, interrogative pronouns are typically placed at or very near the beginning of a sentence. ThoughtCo. Cómo how Cuál which one Cuáles which ones Cuándo when: Cuánto(a) how much/many Dónde where Adónde (to) where De dónde (from) where: (How many brothers does Juan have? Interrogative pronouns are always written with an accent in order to differentiate them from the relative pronouns que, el cual and quien. They don't have such a catchy name in Spanish, but they are also headed by a question word. Have a "The Word Qué means what" singing competition rematch. (one person) - ¿Quién? Las palabras interrogativas: Interrogative Words - Exercise 1 Select the correct interrogative word. The Spanish Interrogatives quién, quiénes — who, whom — ¿Quién es tu amiga? interrogative - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. 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