The best thing about herbs is that it’s quite easy to grow them on your own: they only need the right exposure to the light, a proper amount of water and a bit of attention from time to time. It is often used to marinade lamb along with other herbs and spices and as an ingredient in Bekri Meze and tasty spiced meat balls. More Info Used extensively in Mediterranean cuisines, dried rosemary complements fish, grilled meats, lamb, pork, poultry, stews, and vegetables and is used in dry rubs, herbes de Provence, marinades, and salad dressings. For authentic Greek cooking, use fresh herbs whenever possible. Mint is one of the most famous herb used in cooking. To release flavour, dried herbs are best rehydrated. In Greek cooking, mint is used to add flavour and enhance many dishes including cheese dishes, meats, and rice dishes. This is the most widely used herb. The "soft th" is the th sound in the word "thanks. And the culinary advantages of Mediterranean herbs and spices, in particular, are extolled by pretty much any chef worth her tall white hat. Summer Savory or Greek Throubi is a perennial plant of the Mediterranean usually used in cooking. It certainly adds a hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes. Since its first use in ancient Greece, saffron was known for its libido enhancing abilities, as well as a mood and memory booster ( 2 ). HISTORY OF HERBS. Greek cuisine relies on several different herbs to lend its signature flavors. You can add it to a bevy of dishes and drinks—lamb, peas, carrots, ice cream, tea, mint juleps, and mojitos. 2. Greek cuisine is all about enhancing the natural flavors of the products. It's used primarily in Mediterranean, Greek, Italian, Mexican and Cuban cooking. Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. Generations of Greek cooks have focused in on many that have become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. Herbs and spices lend flavor, color and important micronutrients – all without adding fat or calories – to home cooking. Name: RosemaryGreek Name: ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no (hard th)Name in Greek: δεντρολίβανο. However, there are some herbs like ginger and cilantro, that are also used in Mediterranean-style cooking … In general, use 1/4 – 1/2 of dried herbs per serving. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), pronunciation guide, and the Greek name. Written by GreekBoston.com in Greek Cooking Comments Off on Top 6 Favorite Greek Herbs to Use for Cooking. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grow naturally in Greece is quite unbelievable. Uses: Wild celery turns up in Greek cooking as a vegetable or herb in soups and stews. Herbs have been used for trading in ancient times. They also season vegetables, seafood, meats, and savory pies. Common herbs usually are well known for their culinary purposes. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Spices Should Be Kept in Airtight Glass Jars, There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking, Essential Utensils for the Kitchen in Greek Cooking, How to Convert Fresh to Dried Herb Measurements, Eastern European Herbs and Spices Starting With Letters A to H, An Introduction to Greek Food and Greek Cooking. Name: MarjoramGreek Name: MantzouranaPronounced: mahn-dzoo-RAH-nahName in Greek: μαντζουράνα. It's great with vegetables, in … Sea salt is the only salt used in traditional Greek cooking. So which medicinal herbs that the Ancient Greeks use are worth using today? There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking . Savory is also used in a variety of soups and stews and with fish and eggs. Uses: As in many other cuisines, bay leaves are used to flavor soups, stews, and broths and then discarded before serving. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. Though there are many varieties, spearmint is preferred for cooking. Its flavor depends on the season and what flowering plants the bees are taking nectar from. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is impressive. Cumin seeds and ground cumin have an earthy flavour that adds richness to Mexican, bean, and shellfish recipes.. Dill, either freshly chopped or dried dill weed, gives a fresh flavour to beets, carrots, cucumbers, pickled vegetables, potatoes, and seafood. From arugula to wild celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, and more. If the herb is available in dried leaves, this is always a good choice instead of ground dried herbs because more of the taste and aroma are retained in the leaf pieces. Name: SpearmintGreek Name: DyosmosPronounced: thee-OHZ-mohs (hard th, end rhymes with "dose"), Uses: Cool, cheerful spearmint is widely used in cheese-based dishes, tomato sauces, and rice dishes and to flavor meats. Herbs have been used since ancient time. Greek honey: Honey is one of the oldest sweeteners in Greece. If you are interested to try some herbs in your cooking, these ones are worth using. It’s also a strong antioxidant because of the crocin, crocetin, safranal, and kaempferol ( 3 ). Uses: Mild but bright parsley is used as a garnish, just like in so many U.S. restaurants, and also in soups and salads. ", also known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah. The variety of herbs and spices in the Greek countryside gave the Ancient Greeks the ingredients to flavor their food, as well as the possibility to cure people. Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. Today, it is additionally used for treating bronchitis, headaches, influenza, motion sickness, and muscle pain. The "hard th" is the th sound in the word "the." In a recipe, 1 tsp dried herbs equals 1 tbsp fresh. Oregano (Origanum vulgare): With a name meaning “joy of the mountain” in Greek, oregano is a fragrant herb in the mint family with a sweet, slightly peppery flavor. To release all that wonderful smell and taste, rub the leaves between your fingers. Uses: Purslane grows like a weed in the Greek sun and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes. Even we mere mortals who cook dinner a few times a week can use them to zing up eggs, salads, lentils or chicken. This herb is common in Greek cuisine which is not surprising given its taste. Like much Mediterranean cuisine, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and spices. Its natural, salt-water flavor is a far cry from the chemical taste of table salt and you will notice the difference. This is the most widely used herb. Fennel was first known in Greek mythology as the plant Prometheus used to steal fire from the demigods. Name: DillGreek Name: AnithosPronounced: AH-nee-thohs (soft th, end rhymes with "dose"). Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. Used fresh or dried, the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up. Accented syllables are shown in capital letters. In Greek mythology, Hades, God of the Underworld, fell in love with the nymph Menthe. So let’s get acquainted with 12 of the most common and versatile of them. As a tea, it … Name: SavoryGreek Name: ThroubiPronounced: throo-BEE (soft th)Name in Greek: θρουμπί. This reflected in the famous quote of Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC), physician and the father of medicine: “Let food be your medicine, and medicine be your food”. It's also used to make a refreshing herbal tea.Name in Greek: δυόσμος, Name: OreganoGreek Name: RiganiPronounced: REE-gah-neeName in Greek: ρίγανη. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), … Uses: Dill is used in fish recipes, various types of salads, and the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki. Try mixing herbs with 1 tsp of oil and leaving for 10-15 minutes before using in dressings, marinages or sauces. Name: SageGreek Name: FaskomiloPronounced: fahs-KOH-mee-loName in Greek: φασκόμηλο. Name: ArugulaGreek Name: RokaPronounced: ROE-kahName in Greek: ρόκα. Generations of Greek cooks have focused on many that have now become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. Uses: Fennel leaves are used in generous amounts in stews and fritters. Add either at the beginning of cooking, or about 20 minutes before the end. If dried are necessary, the conversion rate is generally figured at 1 teaspoon of dried to 1 tablespoon of fresh. Add some herbs. https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/articles/guide-to-fresh-herbs Dendrolivano (Rosemary) Rosemary is well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. To get the most out of your spices, there are three utensils you should have in your kitchen: Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. Uses: Beans and savory are a classic combination. Uses: Tarragon and chicken are a match made in heaven. In Greece, the variety of Oregano that is used is called Origanum vulgare, and has a slightly different flavor than the oregano that is found elsewhere. Name: ParsleyGreek Name: MaïdanosPronounced: mah-ee-dah-NOHS (rhymes with "dose")Name in Greek: μαϊντανός. Name: Bay LeafGreek Name: DaphniPronounced: THAHF-nee (hard th)Name in Greek: δάφνη. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander . Name: Fennel LeavesGreek Name: MarathoPronounced: MAH-rah-thoh (soft th sound)Name in Greek: μάραθο. Thyme is one of the few herbs which will retain all its flavour when dried, and is one of the herbs used in Bouquet Garni, a bundle of herbs, tied together and used to flavour savoury dishes. Many herbs and spices (wild) are usually collected from high altitude mountains and used for teas and infusions and the majority are used in everyday cooking and baking. There are many herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in this list like basil, rosemary and fennel. Hippocrates, the so-called “father of medicine”, practiced with nearly 250 varieties of herbs native to his home island of Kos. The roasted seeds are considered a substitute for coffee. Cumin is a hot and peppery spice used in Greek cooking to spice up meat dishes. Name: TarragonGreek name: EstragonPronounced: es-trah-GONName in Greek: εστραγκόν. The Greek countryside can provide a plethora of foods and herbs, which have been used since ancient times and are proven to boost a healthy diet and to better defend our immune system. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. Name: PurslaneGreek Name: GlistrithaPronounced: ghlee-STREE-thath (hard th)Name in Greek: γλιστρίδα. Herbs: Like other ingredients, herbs grow easily here thanks to the climate. Uses: Oregano's sweeter cousin, marjoram is primarily used to give flavor to lamb and chicken. Cloves are used to stud hams before baking or spike apples for a cider punch. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. #1 MINT. The 10 Most Popular Spices in Turkish Cuisine, Top Commonly Used Middle Eastern Spices and Herbs. 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